Gå direkt till huvudinnehållet

Gynekomasti hos män

Senast uppdaterad: Senast reviderad:
Sakkunnig:

  1. Dickson G. Gynecomastia. Am Fam Physician 2012; 85: 716-22. American Family Physician  
  2. Braunstein GD. Clinical practice. Gynecomastia. N Engl J Med 2007; 357: 1229-37. New England Journal of Medicine  
  3. Durmaz E, Ozmert EN, Erkekoglu P, et al. Plasma phthalate levels in pubertal gynecomastia. Pediatrics 2010; 125: e122-e129.
  4. Den Hond E, Dhooge W, Bruckers L, et al. Internal exposures to pollutants and sexual maturation in Flemish adolescents. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 2011; 21: 224-33. PubMed  
  5. Soliman AT, De Sanctis V, Yassin M. Management of Adolescent Gynecomastia: An Update. Acta Biomed. 2017;88(2):204-213. Published 2017 Aug 23. doi:10.23750/abm.v88i2.6665 DOI  
  6. Roke Y, van Harten PN, Boot AM, Buitelaar JK. Antipsychotic medication in children and adolescents: a descriptive review of the effects on prolactin level and associated side effects. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 2009; 19: 403-14. PubMed  
  7. Engbaek M, Hjerrild M, Hallas J, Jacobsen IA. The effect of low-dose spironolactone on resistant hypertension. J Am Soc Hypertens 2010; 4: 290-4. PubMed  
  8. McKenna C, Burch J, Suekarran S, et al. A systematic review and economic evaluation of the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of aldosterone antagonists for postmyocardial infarction heart failure. Health Technol Assess 2010; 14: 1-162. PubMed  
  9. Basaria S. Androgen abuse in athletes: detection and consequences. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2010; 95: 1533-43. PubMed  
  10. Eckman A, Dobs A. Drug-induced gynecomastia. Expert Opin Drug Saf 2008; 7: 691-702. PubMed  
  11. Toorians AW, Boyee TF, De Rooy J, Stolker LA, Hoogenboom RL. Gynaecomastia linked to the intake of a herbal supplement fortified with diethylstillbestrol. Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess 2010; 27: 917-25. PubMed  
  12. Messina M. Soybean isoflavone exposure does not have feminizing effects on men: a critical examination of the clinical evidence. Fertil Steril 2010; 93: 2095-2104. PubMed  
  13. Sokol RZ. It's not all about the testes: medical issues in Klinefelter patients. Fertil Steril 2012; 98: 261-5.
  14. Dundar B, Dundar N, Erci T, Bober E, Büyükgebiz A. Leptin levels in boys with pubertal gynecomastia. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2005; 18: 929-34. PubMed  
  15. Hanavadi S, Banerjee D, Monypenny IJ, Mansel RE. The role of tamoxifen in the management of gynaecomastia. Breast 2006; 15: 276-80. PubMed  
  16. Ozen H, Akyol F, Toktas G, et al. Is prophylactic breast radiotherapy necessary in all patients with prostate cancer and gynecomastia and/or breast pain? J Urol 2010; 184: 519-24. PubMed  
  • Anna Nager, med dr och specialist i allmänmedicin, Karolinska institutet

Tidigare sakkunniga

  • Jan-Erik Damber, professor och överläkare, Enheten för urologi, Sahlgrenska universitetssjukhuset, Göteborg
  • Terje Johannessen, professor i allmennmedisin, Trondheim