Gå direkt till huvudinnehållet

Axelsmärtor, skuldersmärtor

Senast uppdaterad: Senast reviderad:

  1. Burbank KM, Stevenson JH, Czarnecki GR, Dorfman J. Chronic shoulder pain: Part I. Evaluation and diagnosis. Am Fam Physician 2008; 77: 453-60. PubMed  
  2. Linsell L, Dawson J, Zondervan K, et al. Prevalence and incidence of adults consulting for shoulder conditions in UK primary care; patterns of diagnosis and referral. Rheumatology (Oxford) 2006; 45: 215-21. PubMed  
  3. Ostor AJ, Richards CA, Prevost AT, Speed CA, Hazleman BL. Diagnosis and relation to general health of shoulder disorders presenting to primary care. Rheumatology (Oxford) 2005; 44: 800-5. PubMed  
  4. Burbank KM, Stevenson JH, Czarnecki GR, Dorfman J. Chronic shoulder pain: Part II. Treatment. Am Fam Physician 2008; 77: 493-7. PubMed  
  5. Bot SD, van der Waal JM, Terwee CB, et al. Incidence and prevalence of complaints of the neck and upper extremity in general practice. Ann Rheum Dis. 2005;64(1): 118-23. PMID:15608309. PubMed  
  6. Aune AK. Kroniske skulderlidelser. I: Bahr R, Mæhlum S (red.) Idrettsskader. Oslo: Gazettebok, 2003.
  7. Nørregaard J, Krogsgaard MR, Gam AN. Den kliniske skulderundersøgelse. Ugeskr Læger 2005; 167: 3886-9. PubMed  
  8. Mathew CJ, Lintner DM. Superior Labral Anterior to Posterior Tear Management in Athletes. Open Ortoped J 2018; 12: 303-13. pmid:30197712 PubMed  
  9. Cahill BR. Osteolysis of the distal part of the clavicle in male athletes. J Bone Joint Surg Am 1982; 64: 1053-8. PubMed  
  10. Tallia AF, Cardone DA. Diagnostic and therapeutic injection of the shoulder region. Am Fam Physician 2003; 67: 1271-8. PubMed  
  11. Smidt N, Green S. Is the diagnosis important for the treatment of patients with shoulder complaints?. Lancet 2003; 362: 1867-8. PubMed  
  12. Silva L, Andriu JL, Muqoz P, et al. Accuracy of physical examination in subacromial impingement syndrome. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2008; 47: 679-83. PubMed  
  13. Andernord D, Samuelsson K, Karlsson J. Axelsmärta. Läkartidningen 2013; 110: 286-9. www.lakartidningen.se  
  14. The Royal College of Radiologists. Making the best use of a Department of Clinical Radiology. Guidelines for doctors. Fourth edition. London: The Royal College of Radiologists, 1998
  15. Englund M, Guermazi A, Gale D et al. Incidental meniscal findings on knee MRI in middle-aged and elderly persons. N Engl J Med 2008; 359: 1108-15. New England Journal of Medicine  
  16. Moosmayer S, Heir S, Smith H-J. Sonography of the rotator cuff in painful shoulders performed without knowledge of clinical information: results from 58 sonographic examinations with surgical correlation. J Clin Ultrasound 2007; 35: 20-6. PubMed  
  17. Teefey SA, Rubin DA, Middleton WD et al. Detection and quantification of rotator cuff tears: comparison of ultrasonographic, magnetic resonance imaging, and arthroscopic findings in seventy-one consecutive cases. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2004; 86-A: 708-16.
  18. Winters JC, Sobel JS, Groenier KH, Arendzen HJ, Meyboom-de Jong B. Comparison of physiotherapy, manuipulation and corticosteroid injection for treating shoulder complaints in general practice: randomised, single blind study. BMJ 1997; 314: 1320-25. British Medical Journal  
  19. van der Windt DA, Koes BW, Deviille W, Boeke AJ, de Jong BA, Bouter LM. Effecteveness of corticosteroid injections versus physiotherapy for treatment of painful stiff shoulder in primary care: randomised trial. BMJ 1998; 317: 1292-96. British Medical Journal  
  20. van der Windt DAWM, Bouter LM. Physiotherapy or corticosteroid injection for shoulder pain? Ann Rheum Dis 2003; 62: 385-87. PubMed  
  21. Hay EM, Thomas E, Paterson SM, Dziedzic K,Croft PR. A pragmatic randomized controlled trial of local steroid injection and physiotherapy for the treatment of new episodes of shoulder pain in primary care. Ann Rheum Dis 2003; 62: 394-99. PubMed  
  22. Green s, Buchbinder R, Glazier R, Forbes A. Interventions for shoulder pain. A systematic review in: Cochran Library 1999, Issue 3, last amandment 24. february 1999
  23. Buchbinder R, Green S, Youd JM. Corticosteroid injections for shoulder pain (Cochrane review). In: The Cochrane Library, Issue 2. Oxford: Update Software, 2003. The Cochrane Library  
  24. Green S, Buchbinder R, Hetrick S. Physiotherapy interventions for shoulder pain (Cochrane review). In: The Cochrane Library, Issue 2. Oxford: Updates Software, 2003. The Cochrane Library  
  25. Lombardi I Jr, Magri AG, Fleury AM. et al. Progressive resistance training in patients with shoulder impingement syndrome: a randomized controlled trial. Arthritis Rheum 2008; 59: 615-22. PubMed  
  26. coghlan JA, Buchbinder R, Green S, et al. Surgery for rotator cuff disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2008; 1: CD005619. Cochrane (DOI)  
  27. Engebretsen K, Grotle M, Bautz-Holter E, et al. Radial extracorporeal shockwave treatment compared with supervised exercises in patients with subacromial pain syndrome: single blind randomised study. BMJ 2009; 339: b3360. BMJ (DOI)  
  28. Harniman E, Carette S, Kennedy C, Beaton D. Extracorporeal shock wave therapy for calcific and non-calcific tendonitits of the rotator cuff: a systematic review. J Hand Ter 2004; 17: 132-51. PubMed  
  29. Bervoets DC, Luijsterburg PA, Alessie JJ, et al. Massage therapy has short-term benefits for people with commonmusculoskeletal disorders compared to no treatment: a systematic review. J Physiother. 2015 Jul;61(3):106-16. PMID: 26093806. PubMed  
  • Remy Waardenburg, specialist i allmänmedicin, medicinsk redaktör Medibas

Tidigare sakkunniga

  • Tomas Lihagen, leg sjukgymnast, Örebro Rehabcenter