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Elektrokonvulsiv terapi (ECT)

Senast uppdaterad: Publicerad:

  1. Lisanby, SH. Electroconvulsive therapy for depression. N Engl J Med 2007; 357: 1939-45. PubMed  
  2. Sanacora G, Mason GF, Rothman DL, et al. Increased cortical GABA concentrations in depressed patients receiving ECT. Am J Psychiatry 2003; 160: 577-9. American Journal of Psychiatry  
  3. Bajbouj M, Lang UE, Niehaus L, Hellen FE, Heuser I, Neu P. Effects of right unilateral electroconvulsive therapy on motor cortical excitability in depressive patients. J Psychiatr Res 2006; 40: 322-7. PubMed  
  4. Perera TD, Coplan JD, Lisanby SH, et al. Antidepressant-induced neurogenesis in the hippocampus of adult nonhuman primates. J Neurosci 2007; 27: 4894-901. PubMed  
  5. Husain MM, Rush AJ, Fink M, et al. Speed of response and remission in major depressive disorder with acute electroconvulsive therapy (ECT): a Consortium for Research in ECT (CORE) report. J Clin Psychiatry 2004; 65: 485-91. PubMed  
  6. UK ECT Review Group. Efficacy and safety of electroconvulsive therapy in depressive disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet 2003; 361: 799-808. PubMed  
  7. Parker G, Roy K, Hadzi-Pavlovic D, Pedic F. Psychotic (delusional) depression: a meta-analysis of physical treatments. J Affect Disord 1992; 24: 17-24. PubMed  
  8. Prudic J, Olfson M, Marcus SC, Fuller RB, Sackeim HA. Effectiveness of electroconvulsive therapy in community settings. Biol Psychiatry 2004; 55: 301-12. PubMed  
  9. Lisanby SH, Devanand DP, Nobler MS, Prudic J, Mullen L, Sackeim HA. Exceptionally high seizure threshold: ECT device limitations. Convuls Ther 1996; 12: 156-64. PubMed  
  10. Sackeim HA, Prudic J, Devanand DP, et al. A prospective, randomized, double-blind comparison of bilateral and right unilateral electroconvulsive therapy at different stimulus intensities. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2000; 57: 425-34. PubMed  
  11. McCall WV, Reboussin DM, Weiner RD, Sackeim HA. Titrated moderately suprathreshold vs fixed high-dose right unilateral electroconvulsive therapy: acute antidepressant and cognitive effects. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2000; 57: 438-44. PubMed  
  12. Folk JW, Kellner CH, Beale MD, Conroy JM, Duc TA. Anesthesia for electroconvulsive therapy: a review. J ECT 2000; 16: 157-70. PubMed  
  13. Lisanby SH, Maddox JH, Prudic J, Devanand DP, Sackeim HA. The effects of electroconvulsive therapy on memory of autobiographical and public events. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2000; 57: 581-90. PubMed  
  14. Donahue AB. Electroconvulsive therapy and memory loss: a personal journey. J ECT 2000; 16: 133-43. PubMed  
  15. Mulsant BH, Rosen J, Thornton JE, Zubenko GS. A prospective naturalistic study of electroconvulsive therapy in late-life depression. J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol 1991; 4: 3-13. PubMed  
  16. Sackeim HA, Prudic J, Devanand DP, et al. Effects of stimulus intensity and electrode placement on the efficacy and cognitive effects of electroconvulsive therapy. N Engl J Med 1993; 328: 839-46. New England Journal of Medicine  
  17. Sackeim HA, Portnoy S, Neeley P, Steif BL, Decina P, Malitz S. Cognitive consequences of low-dosage electroconvulsive therapy. Ann N Y Acad Sci 1986; 462: 326-40. PubMed  
  18. Dwork AJ, Arango V, Underwood M, et al. Absence of histological lesions in primate models of ECT and magnetic seizure therapy. Am J Psychiatry 2004; 161: 576-8. American Journal of Psychiatry  
  19. Coffey CE, Weiner RD, Djang WT, et al. Brain anatomic effects of electroconvulsive therapy: a prospective magnetic resonance imaging study. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1991; 48: 1013-21. PubMed  
  20. Devanand DP, Dwork AJ, Hutchinson ER, Bolwig TG, Sackeim HA. Does ECT alter brain structure? Am J Psychiatry 1994; 151: 957-70. American Journal of Psychiatry  
  21. Agelink MW, Andrich J, Postert T, et al. Relation between electroconvulsive therapy, cognitive side effects, neuron specific enolase, and protein S-100. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2001; 71: 394-6. PubMed  
  22. Sackeim HA, Haskett RF, Mulsant BH, et al. Continuation pharmacotherapy in the prevention of relapse following electroconvulsive therapy: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 2001; 285: 1299-307. Journal of the American Medical Association  
  23. Kellner CH, Knapp RG, Petrides G, et al. Continuation electroconvulsive therapy vs pharmacotherapy for relapse prevention in major depression: a multisite study from the Consortium for Research in Electroconvulsive Therapy (CORE). Arch Gen Psychiatry 2006; 63: 1337-44. PubMed  
  24. Sackeim H, Prudic J, Nobler M, Lisanby S, Devanand DP, Peyser S. Ultra-brief pulse ECT and the affective and cognitive consequence of ECT. J ECT 2001; 17: 77. PubMed  
  25. Lisanby SH, Luber B, Schlaepfer TE, Sackeim HA. Safety and feasibility of magnetic seizure therapy (MST) in major depression: randomized within-subject comparison with electroconvulsive therapy. Neuropsychopharmacology 2003; 28: 1852-65. PubMed  
  26. Hayakawa H, Shimizu M, Nishida A, Motohashi N, Yamawaki S. Increase in serotonin 1A receptors in the dentate gyrus as revealed by autoradiographic analysis following repeated electroconvulsive shock but not imipramine treatment. Neuropsychobiology 1994; 30: 53-6. PubMed  
  27. Nowak G, Dulinski J. Effect of repeated treatment with electroconvulsive shock (ECS) on serotonin receptor density and turnover in the rat cerebral cortex. Pharmacol Biochem Behav 1991; 38: 691-4. PubMed  
  28. Petrides G, Fink M, Husain MM, et al. ECT remission rates in psychotic versus nonpsychotic depressed patients: a report from CORE. J ECT 2001; 17: 244-253. PubMed  
  29. O'Connor MK, Knapp R, Husain M, et al. The influence of age on the response of major depression to electroconvulsive therapy: a C.O.R.E. report. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 2001; 9: 382-90. PubMed  
  • Hans Ågren, professor emeritus och överläkare, Sektionen för psykiatri och neurokemi, Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet

Tidigare sakkunniga

  • Terje Johannessen, professor i allmänmedicin, Institutt for samfunnsmedisinske fag, Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet, Trondheim