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Infantil spasm

Senast reviderad:


  1. Dulac O, Tuxhorn I. Infantile spasms and West syndrome. I: Roger J, Bureau M, Dravet C et al, red. Epileptic syndromes in infancy, childhood and adolescence. Eastleigh, UK: John Libbey, 2002: 47-63.
  2. Napuri S, LE Gall E, Dulac O et. al. Factors associated with treatment lag in infantile spasms. Dev Med Child Neurol 2010; 52: 1164-6. PubMed  
  3. O'Callaghan FJK, Harris T, Joinson C et al. The relation of infantile spasms, tubers and intelligence in tuberous sclerosis complex. Arch Dis Child 2004; 89: 530-3. PubMed  
  4. Otharara S, Yamatogi Y. Epileptic encephalopathies in early infancy with suppression-burst. J Clin Neurophysiol 2003; 20: 398-407. PubMed  
  5. Hancock EC, Osborne JP, Edwards SW. Treatment of infantile spasms. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 6. Art. No.: CD001770. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001770.pub3 www.cochranelibrary.com  
  6. Mackay MT, Weiss SK, Adams-Webber T et al. Practice parameter: Medical treatment of infantile spasms: Report of the American Academy of Neurology and the Child Neurology Society. Neurology 2004; 62: 1668-81. Neurology  
  7. Kjærsgård Hansen L, Rasmussen NH. Behandling av infantile spasmer. Ugeskr Læger 2006; 168: 1424-8. PubMed  
  8. Lombroso CT. A prospective study of infantile spasms: clinical and therapeutic correlations. Epilepsia 1983; 24: 135-58. PubMed  
  9. Ludvigsson P, Olafsson E, Sigurdardottir S et al. Epidemiologic features of infantile spasms in Iceland. Epilepsia 1994; 35: 802-5. PubMed  
  10. Kivity S, Lerman P, Ariel R et al. Long-term cognitive outcomes of a cohort of children with cryptogenic infantile spasms treated with high-dose adrenocorticotropic hormone. Epilepsia 2004; 45: 255-62. PubMed  
  11. Camfield P, Camfield C, Lortie A et al. Infantile spasms in remission may reemerge as intractable epileptic spasms. Epilepsia 2003; 44: 1592-5. PubMed  
  • Martin Jägervall, överläkare, Barn- och ungdomskliniken, Centrallasarettet Växjö
  • Anna Nager, med dr och specialist i allmänmedicin, Karolinska institutet

Tidigare sakkunniga

  • Terje Johannessen, professor i allmennmedisin, Trondheim