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Blödningar under graviditeten

Senast uppdaterad: Publicerad:


  1. Deutchman M, Tanner Tubay A. First trimester bleeding. Am Fam Physician 2009; 79: 993-4. American Family Physician  
  2. Paspulati RM, Bhatt S, Nour SG. Sonographic evaluation of first-trimester bleeding. Radiol Clin North Am 2004; 42: 297–314.
  3. Lykke JA, Dideriksen KL, Lidegaard O, Langhoff-Roos J. First-trimester vaginal bleeding and complications later in pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol 2010; 115: 935-44. PubMed  
  4. Sakornbut E, Leeman L, Fontaine P. Late pregnancy bleeding. Am Fam Physician 2007; 75: 1199-206. PubMed  
  5. Chilaka VN, Konje JC, Clarke S, Taylor DJ. Practice observed: is speculum examination on admission a necessary procedure in the management of all cases of antepartum haemorrhage? J Obstet Gynaecol 2000; 20: 396-8. PubMed  
  6. Committee on Practice Bulletins–Gynecology, American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. ACOG Practice Bulletin number 53. Diagnosis and treatment of gestational trophoblastic disease. Obstet Gynecol 2004; 103: 1365–77.
  7. Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG). The use of electronic fetal monitoring. The use and interpretation of cardiotocography in intrapartum fetal surveillance. Evidence-based clinical guidelines No. 8. London: RCOG, 2001.
  8. Smith KE, Buyalos RP. The profound impact of patient age on pregnancy outcome after early detection of fetal cardiac activity. Fertil Steril 1996; 65: 35–40.
  9. Zhang J, Giles JM, Barnhart K, Creinin MD, Westhoff C, Frederick MM, for the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Management of Early Pregnancy Failure Trial. A comparison of medical management with misoprostol and surgical management for early pregnancy failure. N Engl J Med 2005; 353: 761–9.
  10. Bagratee JS, Khullar V, Regan L, Moodley J, Kagoro H. A randomized controlled trial comparing medical and expectant management of first trimester miscarriage. Hum Reprod 2004; 19: 266–71.
  • Nuvarande Maria Sennström, överläkare, Kvinnokliniken, Karolinska universitetssjukhuset
  • Tidigare Terje Johannessen, professor i allmänmedicin, Institutt for samfunnsmedisinske fag, Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet, Trondheim Per Bergsjø, professor emeritus, dr med., Universitetet i Bergen. Specialist i kvinnosjukdomar och förlossningshjälp, forskare vid Nasjonalt folkehelseinstitutt, Oslo