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Narkolepsi

Senast uppdaterad: Senast reviderad:
Sakkunnig:


Definition:
Kronisk neurologisk störning av sömn- vakenhetsregleringen med uttalad sömnighet under dagen.
Förekomst:
Prevalens anges ofta till 0,05 %, det vill säga cirka 4 500 till 5 000 patienter i Sverige.
Symtom:
Generellt uttalad sömnighet på dagtid med anfall med abnormt sömnbehov. Typiskt är också kataplexi, hypnagogiska hallucinationer och sömnparalys.
Kliniska fynd:
Fysisk undersökning är normal.
Diagnos:
Typisk anamnes. Tillståndet verifieras med undersökning i ett sömnlaboratorium/neurofysologiskt laboratorium.
Behandling:
Behandlingen består av information och anpassningar på jobbet eller i skolan. Läkemedelsbehandling ges mot sömnighet, kataplexi och hypnagogiska hallucinationer.
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  42. Transportstyrelsens författningssamling 2013:2 www.transportstyrelsen.se  
  • Anna Nager, docent och specialist i allmänmedicin, Karolinska institutet

Tidigare sakkunniga

  • Bjørn Bjorvatn, professor dr.med., Institutt for global helse og samfunnsmedisin, Universitetet i Bergen, og leder av Nasjonal kompetansetjeneste for søvnsykdommer, Haukeland Universitetssykehus
  • Ingard Løge, spesialist allmennmedisin, redaktør NEL