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Synkope (svimning)

Senast uppdaterad: Senast reviderad:

  1. Runser LA, Gauer RL, Houser A. Syncope: Evaluation and Differential Diagnosis. Am Fam Physician 2017 Mar 1;95(5):303-312B. PMID:28290647. PubMed  
  2. Brignole M, Moya A, de Lange FJ, et al. 2018 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of syncope. Eur Heart J 2018; 39: 1883. pmid:29562304 PubMed  
  3. Mehlsen J, Mehlsen A-B. Udredning og behandling af reflekssynkoper. Ugeskr for Læger 2008; 170: 718. PubMed  
  4. Sun BC, Emond JA, Camargo CA Jr. Characteristics and admission patterns of patients presenting with syncope to U.S. emergency departments, 1992-2000. Acad Emerg Med 2004; 11: 1029-34. PubMed  
  5. Wellander BJ, Mattson G, Lundberg A, et al. Differentialdiagnostik och handläggning vid synkope. Läkartidningen 2019; 116: FF4P. lakartidningen.se  
  6. Solbiati M, Casazza G, Dipaola F, et al. Syncope recurrence and mortality: a systematic review. Europace. 2015;17(2):300–308. PMID: 25476868. PubMed  
  7. Ray JC, Kusumoto F, Goldschlager N. Syncope. J Intensive Care Med. 2016;31(2):79–93. PMID: 25286917. PubMed  
  8. Kachalia A, Berg A, Fagerlin A, et al. Overuse of testing in preoperative evaluation and syncope: a survey of hospitalists. Ann Intern Med. 2015;162(2):100–108.
  9. Sarasin FP, Louis-Simonet M, Carballo D, Slama S, Rajeswaran A, Metzger JT, et al. Prospective evaluation of patients with syncope. Am J Med 2001; 111: 177-84. PubMed  
  10. Prandoni P, Lensing AWA, Prins MH, et al. Prevalence of pulmonary embolism among patients hospitalized for syncpoe. N Engl J Med 2016; 375: 1524-31. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1602172 DOI  
  11. The European Society of Cardiology guidelines for the diagnosis and management of syncope. Eur Heart J. 2009;30(21):2539–2540.
  12. Benditt DG, van Dijk JG, Sutton R, Wieling W, Lin JC, Sakaguchi S, et al. Syncope. Curr Probl Cardiol 2004; 29: 152-229. PubMed  
  13. Serrano LA, Hess EP, Bellolio MF, et al. Accuracy and quality of clinical decision rules for syncope in the emergency department: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ann Emerg Med. 2010;56:362-373.
  14. Sheldon RS, Morillo CA, Krahn AD, et al. Standardized approaches to the investigation of syncope: Canadian Cardiovascular Society position paper. Can J Cardiol. 2011;27:246-253.
  15. Asplund CA, O'Connor FG, Noakes TD. Exercise-associated collapse: an evidence-based review and primer for clinicians. Br J Sports Med. 2011;45:1157-1162.
  16. Albassam OT, Redelmeier RJ, Shadowitz S et al. Did This Patient Have Cardiac Syncope?: The Rational Clinical Examination Systematic Review. JAMA 2019; 321: 2448-57. pmid:31237649 PubMed  
  17. Juraschek SP, Daya N, Rawlings AM, et al. Association of History of Dizziness and Long-term Adverse Outcomes With Early vs Later Orthostatic Hypotension Assessment Times in Middle-aged Adults. JAMA Intern Med 2017. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.2937 DOI  
  18. Anderson KL, Limkakeng A, Damuth E, Chandra A. Cardiac evaluation for structural abnormalities may not be required in patients presenting with syncope and a normal ECG result in an observation unit setting. Ann Emerg Med 2012; 60: 478-84.
  19. Mieszczanska H, Ibrahim B, Cohen TJ. Initial clinical experience with implantable loop recorders. J Invasive Cardiol 2001; 13: 802-4. PubMed  
  20. Kassotis J, Yusupova M, Thoben D, Stawiarski M, Reddy CV. Syncope masquerading as a panic disorder. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 2001; 24: 1829-30.
  21. Sarasin FP, Junod AF, Carballo D, Slama S, Unger PF, Louis-Simonet M. Role of echocardiography in the evaluation of syncope: a prospective study. Heart 2002; 88: 363-7. PubMed  
  22. Brignole M, Alboni P, Benditt D, Bergfeldt L, Blanc JJ, Bloch Thomsen PE, et al for the Task Force on Syncope, European Society of Cardiology. Guidelines on management (diagnosis and treatment) of syncope. Eur Heart J 2001; 22: 1256-306. European Heart Journal  
  23. Linzer M, Yang EH, Estes NA III, Wang P, Vorperian VR, Kapoor WN. Diagnosing syncope. Part 2: unexplained syncope. Ann Intern Med 1997; 127: 76-86. Annals of Internal Medicine  
  24. Mercader MA, Varghese PJ, Potolicchio SJ, Venkatraman GK, Lee SW. New insights into the mechanism of neurally mediated syncope. Heart 2002; 88: 217-21. PubMed  
  25. Luzza F, Pugliatti P, di Rosa S, Calabro D, Carerj S, Oreto G. Tilt-induced pseudosyncope. Int J Clin Pract 2003; 57: 373-5. PubMed  
  26. Connolly SJ, Sheldon R, Roberts RS, Gent M, et al. The North-American vasovagal pacemaker study (VPS). A randomized trial of permanent cardiac pacing for the prevention of vasovagal syncope. J Am Coll Cardiol 1999; 33:16-20. PubMed  
  27. Krediet CT, van Dijk N, Linzer M, et al. Management of vasovagal syncope: controlling or aborting faints by leg crossing and muscle tensing. Circulation 2002; 106: 1684-9. Circulation  
  • Remy Waardenburg, specialist i allmänmedicin, medicinsk redaktör Medibas

Tidigare sakkunniga

  • Lennart Bergfeldt, professor och överläkare, Institutionen för medicin, Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborg