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Levermetastaser

Senast reviderad:
Sakkunnig:

Definition:
Spridning av maligna tumörer till levern, oftast från kolorektalcancer.
Förekomst:
Den vanligaste formen av cancer i levern.
Symtom:
Länge utan symtom. Efter hand förekommer trötthet, sjukdomskänsla, dåligt allmäntillstånd, tyngdkänsla i buken och frossa.
Fynd:
Kan bestå av ikterus, stor och knottrig lever, ascites, eventuellt lymfadenopati.
Diagnostik:
Provtagning bidrar sällan till diagnosen, bilddiagnostik (ultraljud, CT, MR) och biopsi behövs för diagnosen.
Behandling:
Kurativ eller palliativ behandling, beroende på cancersjukdomens stadium och histologi.
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  2. Venook AP, Curley SA. Management of potentially resectable colorectal cancer liver metastases. UpToDate, last updated Aug 13, 2015. UpToDate  
  3. Bjørnbeth BA. Behandling av levermetastaser fra koloncancer. Kirurgen.no, publisert 14. april 2014 . kirurgen.no  
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  9. Adam R, de Haas RJ, Wicherts DA, et al. Is hepatic resection justified after chemotherapy in patients with colorectal liver metastases and lymph node involvement? J Clin Oncol 2008; 26:3672. PubMed  
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  • Remy Waardenburg, specialist i allmänmedicin, medicinsk redaktör Medibas

Tidigare sakkunniga

  • Hanns-Ulrich Marschall, professor och överläkare, Medicinkliniken gastrosektionen, Sahlgrenska universitetssjukhuset, Göteborg