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Senast uppdaterad: Senast reviderad:

  1. Aziz I, Whitehead WE, Palsson OS, Törnblom H, Simrén M. An approach to the diagnosis and management of Rome IV functional disorders of chronic constipation. Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2020;14(1):39-46. doi:10.1080/17474124.2020.1708718. PMID: 31893959 PubMed  
  2. Simren M, Palsson OS, Whitehead WE. Update on Rome IV Criteria for Colorectal Disorders: Implications for Clinical Practice. Curr Gastroenterol Rep. 2017 Apr;19(4):15. PMID: 28374308 PubMed  
  3. Jamshed N, Lee Z-E. Diagnostic approach to chronic constipation in adults. Am Fam Physician 2011; 84: 299-306. www.aafp.org  
  4. Mearin F, Lacy BE, Chang L, Chey WD, Lembo AJ, Simren M, Spiller R. Bowel Disorders. Gastroenterology. 2016 Feb 18:S0016-5085(16)00222-5. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2016.02.031. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 27144627 PubMed  
  5. Lembo A, Camilleri M. Chronic constipation. N Engl J Med 2003; 349: 1360-8. New England Journal of Medicine  
  • Anna Nager, docent och specialist i allmänmedicin, Karolinska institutet