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Anorektala besvär

Senast uppdaterad: Senast reviderad:

  1. Fargo MV, Latimer KM. Evaluation and management of common anorectal conditions. Am Fam Physician 2012; 85: 624-30. PubMed  
  2. Kuehn HG, Gebbensleben O, Hilger Y, Rohde H. Relationship between anal symptoms and anal findings. Int J Med Sci 2009; 6: 77-84. PubMed  
  3. Jones R, et al. Alarm symptoms and identification of non-cancer diagnoses in primary care: cohort study. BMJ 2009; 339: b3094. BMJ (DOI)  
  4. Nikpour S, Ali Asgari A. Colonoscopic evaluation of minimal rectal bleeding in average-risk patients for colorectal cancer. World J Gastroenterol 2008; 14: 6536-40. PubMed  
  5. de Parades V, Etienney I, Bauer P, et al. Proctalgia fugax: demographic and clinical characteristics. What every doctor should know from a prospective study of 54 patients. Dis Colon Rectum 2007; 50: 893-8. PubMed  
  6. Jeyarajah S, Purkayastha S. Proctalgia fugax. CMAJ. 2013 Mar 19;185(5):417. Epub 2012 Nov 26. PMID: 23184844 PubMed  
  7. Hamberger B, Haglund U. Kirurgi. Stockholm, Sverige: Liber, 2017.
  8. Tabaja L, Sidani SM. Management of Radiation Proctitis. Dig Dis Sci 2018; 63(9): 2180-2188. pmid:29948565 PubMed  
  9. Sigle GW, Kim R. Sexually transmitted proctitis. Clin Colon Rectal Surg 2015; 28(2): 70-8. pmid:26034402 PubMed  
  10. de Vries HJ, Zingoni A, White JA, et al. 2013 European Guideline on the management of proctitis, proctocolitis and enteritis caused by sexually transmissible pathogens. Int J STD AIDS 2014; 25(7): 465-74. pmid:24352129 PubMed  
  11. Pfenninger JL, Zainea GG. Common anorectal conditions: Part I: Symptoms and complaints. Am Fam Physician 2001; 63: 2391-2403. PubMed  
  12. Parés D, Abcarian H. Management of Common Benign Anorectal Disease: What All Physicians Need to Know. Am J Med 2018; 131(7): 745-751. pmid:29499172 PubMed  
  13. Lacy BE, Weiser K. Common anorectal disorders: diagnosis and treatment. Curr Gastroenterol Rep 2009; 11: 413-9. PubMed  
  14. Marsicovetere, P. (2018). Examining, diagnosing, and treating benign anorectal conditions. Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants, 31(3), 32–37. PMID:29470370. PubMed  
  • Remy Waardenburg, specialist i allmänmedicin, medicinsk redaktör Medibas

Tidigare sakkunniga

  • Karin Strigård, docent och överläkare, Kirurgcentrum, Norrlands universitetssjukhus, Umeå