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Klimakteriet

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Definition:
Klimakteriet omfattar perioden före och efter menopaus (den sista menstruationen).
Förekomst:
De flesta kvinnor i Sverige får menopaus vid 40–58 års ålder, medianåldern är 52 år.
Symtom:
Typiska symtom är blödningsrubbningar, värmevallningar, svettningar (framförallt nattliga), sömnstörningar och eventuellt psykiska symtom. Så småningom symtom till följd av atrofi av urogenitala slemhinnor.
Kliniska fynd:
Kliniska fynd kan vara atrofiska urogenitala slemhinnor.
Diagnostik:
Tilläggsundersökningar är vanligen inte nödvändiga. Hormonanalyser kan ibland vara till hjälp.
Behandling:
Eventuellt hormonbehandling.
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  • Anna Nager, med dr och specialist i allmänmedicin, Karolinska institutet

Tidigare sakkunniga

  • Bo von Schoultz, professor emeritus och överläkare, Kvinnokliniken, Karolinska universitetssjukhuset
  • Mette Haase Moen, professor emerita, Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet, Trondheim
  • Silje Folven Barlindhaug, spesialist i allmennpraksis, redaktør NEL