Gå direkt till huvudinnehållet


Senast reviderad:

  1. Wilson M, Farquhar C. Dysmenorrhoea. Clin Evid 2001; 6: 1388-1400. Clinical Evidence  
  2. French L. Dysmenorrhea. Am Fam Physician 2005; 71: 285-91. PubMed  
  3. Fraser I. Prostaglandins, prostaglandin inhibitors and their roles in gynaecological disorders. Bailliere's Clinical Obstet Gynaecol 1992; 6: 829-57.
  4. Davis AR, Westhoff CL. Primary dysmenorrhea in adolescent girls and treatment with oral contraceptives. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2001; 14: 3-8. PubMed  
  5. Banikarim C, Chacko MR, Kelder SH. Prevalence and impact of dysmenorrhea on Hispanic female adolescents. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2000; 154: 1226-9. PubMed  
  6. Strinic T, Bukovic D, Pavelic L, Fajdic J, Herman I, Stipic I, et al. Anthropological and clinical characteristics in adolescent women with dysmenorrhea. Coll Antropol 2003; 27: 707-11. PubMed  
  7. Andersch B, Milsom I. An epidemiologic study of young women with dysmenorrhea. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1982; 144: 655-60. PubMed  
  8. Klein JR, Litt IF. Epidemiology of adolescent dysmenorrhea. Pediatrics 1981; 68: 661-4. Pediatrics  
  9. Sundell G, Milsom I, Andersch B. Factors influencing the prevalence and severity of dysmenorrhoea in young women. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1990; 97: 588-94. PubMed  
  10. Moen MH, Stokstad T. A long-term follow-up study of women with asymptomatic endometriosis diagnosed incidentally at sterilization. Fertil Steril 2002; 78: 773-6. PubMed  
  11. Momoeda M, Taketani Y, Terakawa N, Hoshiai H, Tanaka K, Tsutsumi O, et al. Is endometriosis really associated with pain? Gynecol Obstet Invest 2002; 54(suppl 1): 18-21.
  12. Proctor M, Farquhar C. Diagnosis and management of dysmenorrhoea. BMJ 2006; 332: 1134-8. PubMed  
  13. Latthe P, Mignini L, Gray R, et al. Factors predisposing women to chronic pelvic pain: systematic review. BMJ 2006; 332: 749. pmid:16484239 PubMed  
  14. Wang L, Wang X, Wang W, Chen C, Ronnennberg AG, Guang W, et al. Stress and dysmenorrhoea: a population based prospective study. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2004; 61: 1021-6. PubMed  
  15. Moore J, Copley S, Morris J, Lindsell D, Golding S, Kennedy S. A systematic review of the accuracy of ultrasound in the diagnosis of endometriosis. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2002; 20: 630-4. PubMed  
  16. Exacoustos C, Zupi E, Carusotti C, Rinaldo D, Marconi D, Lanzi G, et al. Staging of pelvic endometriosis: role of sonographic appearance in determining extension of disease and modulating surgical approach. J Am Assoc Gynecol Laparosc 2003; 10: 378-82. PubMed  
  17. Stratton P, Winkel C, Premkumar A, Chow C, Wilson J, Hearns-Stokes R, et al. Diagnostic accuracy of laparoscopy, magnetic resonance imaging, and histopathologic examination for the detection of endometriosis. Fertil Steril 2003; 79: 1078-85. PubMed  
  18. Eskenazi B, Warner M, Bonsignore L, Olive D, Samuels S, Vercellini P. Validation study of nonsurgical diagnosis of endometriosis. Fertil Steril 2001; 76: 929-35. PubMed  
  19. Frackiewicz EJ. Endometriosis: an overview of the disease and its treatment. J Am Pharm Assoc (Wash) 2000; 40: 645-57. PubMed  
  20. Weissman AM, Hartz AJ, Hansen MD, Johnson SR. The natural history of primary dysmenorrhoea: a longitudinal study. BJOG 2004; 111: 345-52. PubMed  
  21. Archer DF. Menstrual-cycle-related symptoms: a review of the rationale for continous use of oral contaceptives. Contraception 2006 nov 74(5) 359-66
  22. Wong CL, Farquhar C, Roberts H, et al. Oral contraceptive pill treatment for primary dysmenorrhoea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2009; 15: CD002120. Cochrane (DOI)  
  23. Proctor M, Farquhar C. Dysmenorrhoea. Clin Evid 2002; 7: 1639-53. Clinical Evidence  
  24. Baldaszti E, Wimmer-Puchinger B, Loschke K. Acceptability of the long-term contraceptive levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (Mirena): a 3-year follow-up study. Contraception 2003; 67: 87-91. PubMed  
  25. Proctor ML, Farquhar CM, Sinclair OJ, Johnson NP. Surgical interruption of pelvic nerve pathways for primary and secondary dysmenorrhoea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2004; 3. The Cochrane Library  
  • Barbro Larson, docent och specialist i gynekologi och obstetrik, Stockholm
  • Anna Nager, med dr och specialist i allmänmedicin, Karolinska institutet