Gå direkt till huvudinnehållet

Hypotermi

Senast uppdaterad: Publicerad:
Sakkunnig:


  1. Rudolph SF, Mantoni T, Belhage B. Patofysiologi ved accidentel hypotermi. Ugeskr Læger 2007; 169: 3845-9. PubMed  
  2. Danzl DF, Pozos RS. Accidental hypothermia. N Engl J Med 1994; 331: 1756-60. New England Journal of Medicine  
  3. Epstein E, Anna K. Accidental hypothermia. BMJ 2006; 332: 706-9. PubMed  
  4. McCullough L, Arora S. Diagnosis and treatment of hypothermia. Am Fam Physician 2004; 70: 2325-32. PubMed  
  5. Dobson JA, Burgess JJ. Resuscitation of severe hypothermia by extracorporeal rewarming in a child. J Trauma 1996; 40: 483-5. PubMed  
  6. Gilbert M, Busund R, Skagseth A, Nilsen PA, Solbo JP. Resuscitation from accidental hypothermia of 13.7 degrees C with circulatory arrest. Lancet 2000; 355: 375-6. PubMed  
  7. Danzl DF, Pozos RS, Auerbach PS, Glazer S, Goetz W, Johnson E, et al. Multicenter hypothermia survey. Ann Emerg Med 1987; 16: 1042-55. PubMed  
  8. Woodhouse P, Keatinge WR, Coleshaw SR. Factors associated with hypothermia in patients admitted to a group of inner city hospitals. Lancet 1989; 2: 1201-5. PubMed  
  9. Hypothermia-related deaths-Philadelphia, 2001, and United States, 1999. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2003; 52: 86-7. PubMed  
  10. Vassal T, Benoit-Gonin B, Carrat F, Guidet B, Maury E, Offenstadt G. Severe accidental hypothermia treated in an ICU: prognosis and outcome. Chest 2001; 120: 1998-2003. PubMed  
  11. Megarbane B, Axler O, Chary I, Pompier R, Brivet FG. Hypothermia with indoor occurrence is associated with a worse outcome. Intensive Care Med 2000; 26: 1843-9. PubMed  
  12. Granberg PO. Human physiology under cold exposure. Arctic Med Res 1991; 50 suppl 6: 23-7.
  13. Kjærgaard B, Rudolph SF, Lucas A, Holdgaard HO. Behandling af den hypoterme patient. Ugeskr Læger 2008; 170: 2005-10. PubMed  
  14. McCullough L, Arora S: Diagnosis and treatment of hypothermia. Am Fam Phys 2004; 70: 2325-32. PubMed  
  15. Solomon A, Barish RA, Browne B, Tso E: The electrocardiographic features of hypothermia. J Emerg Med 1989; 7: 169-73. PubMed  
  16. Swain JA. Hypothermia and blood pH. A review. Arch Intern Med 1988; 148: 1643-6. PubMed  
  17. Schaller MD, Fischer AP, Perret CH. Hyperkalaemia. A prognostic factor during acute severe hypothermia. JAMA 1990; 264: 1842-5. Journal of the American Medical Association  
  18. Rohrer MJ, Natale AM. Effect of hypothermia on the coagulation cascade. Crit Care Med 1992; 20: 1402-5. PubMed  
  19. Lewin S, Brettmen LR, Holzman RS. Infections in hypothermic patients. Arch Intern Med 1981; 141: 920-5. PubMed  
  20. Steinman AM. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation and hypothermia. Circulation 1986; 74: 29-32. Circulation  
  21. American Heart Association guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care part 10.4: Hypothermia. Circulation 2005; 112: 136-8. Circulation  
  22. Hasselqvist-Ax I, Riva G, Herlitz J, et al. Early Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest. N Engl J Med. 2015 Jun 11;372(24):2307-2315. PubMed  
  23. Southwick FS, Dalglish PH Jr. Recovery after prolonged asystolic cardiac arrest in profound hypothermia. A case report and literature review. JAMA 1980; 243: 1250-3. Journal of the American Medical Association  
  24. Guidelines 2000 for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care. Part 8: advanced challenges in resuscitation: section 3: special challenges in ECC. Hypothermia. The American Heart Association in collaboration with the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation. Circulation 2000; 102 (8 suppl): I229-32.
  25. Edge G, Morgan M. The genius infrared tympanic thermometer: an evaluation for clinical use. Anaesthesia 1993; 48: 604-7. PubMed  
  26. Steele MT, Nelson MJ, Sessler DI, Fraker L, Bunney B, Watson WA, et al. Forced air speeds rewarming in accidental hypothermia. Ann Emerg Med 1996; 27: 479-84. PubMed  
  27. Leaman PL, Martyak GG. Microwave warming of resuscitation fluids. Ann Emerg Med 1985; 14: 876-9. PubMed  
  28. Shields CP, Sixsmith DM. Treatment of moderate-to-severe hypothermia in an urban setting. Ann Emerg Med 1990; 19: 1093-7. PubMed  
  29. Soreide E, Grahn DA, Brock-Utne JC, Rosen L. A non-invasive means to effectively restore normothermia in cold stressed individuals: a preliminary report. J Emerg Med 1999; 17: 725-30. PubMed  
  30. Splittgerber FH, Talbert JG, Sweezer WP, Wilson RF. Partial cardiopulmonary bypass for core rewarming in profound accidental hypothermia. Am Surg 1986; 52: 407-12. PubMed  
  31. Walpoth BH, Walpoth-Aslan BN, Mattle HP, Radanov BP, Schroth G, Schaeffler L, et al. Outcome of survivors of accidental deep hypothermia and circulatory arrest treated with extracorporeal blood warming. N Engl J Med 1997; 337: 1500-5. New England Journal of Medicine  
  32. White JD, Butterfield AB, Greer KA, Schoem S, Johnson C, Holloway RR. Controlled comparison of radio wave regional hyperthermia and peritoneal lavage rewarming after immersion hypothermia. J Trauma 1985; 25: 989-93. PubMed  
  33. Brunette DD, McVaney K. Hypothermic cardiac arrest: an 11 year review of ED management and outcome. Am J Emerg Med 2000; 18: 418-22. American Journal of Emergency Medicine  
  34. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Preventing injuries associated with extreme cold. Int J Trauma Nurs 2001; 7: 26-30. PubMed  
  • Johan Hulting, docent och överläkare, MIVA, Södersjukhuset, Stockholm

Tidigare sakkunniga

  • Torkjel Tveita, överläkare dr. med., anestesiavdelingen, Universitetssykehuset Nord-Norge, Tromsø
  • Ingard Løge, specialist i allmänmedicin, Edda legesenter. Universitetslektor, Institutt for samfunnsmedisinske fag, Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet, Trondheim